Accessible Rural Transportation

Decades after the advent of the independent living and disability rights movements, transportation remains a primary issue for people with disabilities living in rural areas.

Society is trying to open all doors to people with impairment or limitation, yet most people with disabilities who live in Rural America continue to be isolated, frustrated, and cut off from going to work or school, visiting family or friends, participating in community life, or tending to health needs because of the lack of adequate transportation.

APRIL's guiding principles in addressing transportation needs in rural America include:

  • “All” public transportation should be accessible to “All” users, “All” the time.
  • Systems designed to meet the transit needs of people with disabilities will meet the needs of all transit users.
  • Accessible transportation means more than just having a vehicle available. It means people can actually use the transit service. It should also address the needs of people who are trying to be more energy efficient by reducing their use of private vehicles.
  • Accessibility and energy efficiency should not be separate competing priorities. They are equally important, and should be integrated. Vehicles and services need to be both accessible and energy efficient and that cannot be accomplished unless innovation takes an integrated approach to the two priorities.
  • Accessible transportation includes systems, services, vehicles, routes, stops, programs and all other aspects of transportation and must at least meet or exceed the minimum requirements set forth in the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). 

For more, on APRIL’s position on Rural Transportation and the Implementation of the FAST Act, read Rural Transportation for People with Disabilities: Implementing the FAST Act (January 2016)

Transportation Update: Where We've Gone and What We've Learned

Twenty-five years ago the ADA mandated a more accessible landscape for individuals with disabilities in this country, as well as a more accessible transit system to help them traverse that landscape. Fifteen years later, in 2005, the National Council on Disability (NCD) published The Current State of Transportation For People With Disabilities in the United States, a major transportation overview report. That highly acclaimed report contributed to major developments in the field of transportation. In this 2015 report, Transportation Update: Where We’ve Gone and What We’ve Learned, NCD examines what has changed since the writing of the previous report. This update describes the last ten years’ numerous advances in the field of transportation for people with disabilities and recommends public policy to address new and persistent problems.

 

The Rail Vehicles Access Advisory Committee (RVAAC)

The Rail Vehicles Access Advisory Committee (RVAAC) of the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) was established on May 23, 2013, in accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA). The committee was established in the public interest to support the Access Board in performing its duties and responsibilities under Section 504 of the ADA, which authorizes the Board to establish and maintain accessibility guidelines under titles ll and lll of the ADA. The committee was established to advise the Access Board on matters related to the revision and update of the guidelines addressing transportation vehicles using fixed guideway systems subject to the ADA.  The committee acted solely in an advisory capacity to the Access Board and did not exercise any program management responsibility nor make decisions directly affecting the matters on which it provides advice.

Rural Transportation Work Group Position Paper.

The Rural Transportation Policy Group is a national coalition of rural individuals and organizations networked through the National Rural Assembly.  Our goal is to ensure the next federal transportation bill strengthens and supports rural people, rural places, and sustainable commerce, acknowledging the interdependence of the nation's metropolitan and rural economies. 

APRIL Toolkit for Operating a Rural Transportation Voucher Program

The Toolkit for Operating a Rural Transportation Voucher Program is now available to download for FREE. The Toolkit, used to help solve problems in areas that lack transportation options, is available in PDF and text-only versions. It covers the elements of operating a transportation voucher program, including how to develop partnerships and contract with transportation providers, how to identify funding, how to develop policies, program management, and other special considerations. The Toolkit was developed through a partnership by APRIL and RTC:Rural.

  • To download the Toolkit, click here: Toolkit for Operating a Rural Transportation Voucher Program
  • Individualized training and technical assistance are available from APRIL for a fee. Contact Billy Altom, Executive Director of APRIL, at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for more information.

For more Transportation Resources, click here: http://rtc.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/www/wp-content/uploads/Transportation-Resources.pdf

Also See...

Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)

Response to SAFETEA LU

Transportation Voucher Project

Reports from the past three years

Transportation Resources Document

1 youthAPRIL B.Y.O.B. 

(Bringing Youth on Board) 

 

 

APRIL has and still leads an ambitious and beneficial collaboration with rural youth with disabilities, recognizing that the young people of our country are our true leaders. With national partners assistance APRIL focuses on bringing rural youth into the Independent Living Movement.  Lead On!!

 
   

 

 Youth Conference 

2 youth

Hosting the first large-scale gathering of rural youth with disabilities and CILs at the 10th annual APRIL conference in Minneapolis.

Continuing the youth pre-conference and conference workshops until the 20th Annual Conference when youth attendance grew so large they became an official conference rather than a pre-conference.

Establishing an ongoing Youth Steering Committee to make sure the youth conference is for youth and by youth.

Working with noted photographers to capture the youth involvement at the Conference.

Early support from the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation providing stipends to youth to help cover the costs of attending Conferences and continued outreach today to find support for youth across the country to join us every year. Would you like to support the youth conference?                Donate here

Providing a "Youth Wrap Up" session at the conference each year- so the youth get the last word.

Creating an entire track at the APRIL Conference geared to those New to IL or Youth.

 

Leadership and Mentoring  3 youth

Adding 2 youth designated seats to the APRIL Board of Directors, and continuing to fill other seats with qualified youth when applicable. 

Hiring a Youth Programs Coordinator to work on growing and sustaining youth related projects nationally.

 

Programs

Resources and Materials

The team of youth that jumped started the Youth Peer to Peer Mentoring Project also spent some time putting together a collection of materials from around the country.  These materials have been a collaborative effort from youth programs from years ago to those that are still inventing some great material today.  APRIL has been able to capture that information all in one place so you can use it, modify, add to, and share it within your CIL, organization, or any other programs today. 

This material is always growing, and we are adding to it every day.  If you have material from your CIL that you would like to share such as sample flyers, letters, advertisements, activities, or more please let us know so we can add to the materials.  We also encourage you to share how you have modified the activity so we can add to it as well. 

Youth Advocacy Committee Youth Advocacy Committee is made up of young people and youth staff members at CILs across the country.  They meet monthly to go discuss certain advocacy topics, plan future trainings, share with the group advocacy issues and wins, and opportunities to continue to grow as an advocate.

Youth Peer to Peer Establishing a Youth Peer to Peer Mentoring program where we send young leaders out to help other CILS start, improve, or begin the planning process of including youth into their programs or creating a youth focused program

Youth Steering Committee The Youth Steering Committee is made up of youth and people that are passionate about young people.  An Executive Committee plans, fundraises, recruits, markets, design, coordinate, and run the Youth Conference every year that is held prior to the APRIL annual conference.  This growing group of committee young people have taken the Youth Conference from 20 youth to 120 youth and growing.  If you are interested in joining us for the planning we meet monthly for phone calls to continue the work.

 Youth Talks   APRIL understands that across the country the hot topic is youth and young adults.  We understand that many Centers for Independent Living and Statewide Independent Living Councils are unsure how to get youth involved.  We have asked our youth expert mentors to present on topics that could assist your goals of starting a program or growing the existing youth involvement, you may already have.  Every other month we will have one mentor present on a topic that is often discussed in our Youth Peer to Peer Mentoring for a nominal fee.  The calls will start with a presentation from the presenter and end with brainstorming of ideas, share experiences, and ask questions while we learn from each other with the guidance of our mentor. We understand that not everyone is at the point in their CIL or SILC to have a peer mentoring, but we want to support and assist the best way we can with these calls. 

For more information contact Sierra Royster, Youth Programs Coordinator at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  or by phone at 919-567-3602  

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APRIL
Main Office APRIL

 
   
Address:
2001 Pershing Circle
Suite 200
North Little Rock
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72114

Telephone: Phone: 501 753-3400
Fax: Fax: 501-753-3406

 
Contact APRIL click here

 

 

 

 

 

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This "Accessibility Information" is provided to assist in utilizing this website. If there are areas or documents that are difficult to access please contact us. APRIL is a national membership organization dedicated to advancing the rights and responsibilities of people with disabilities in rural America.

 

il net

Peer to Peer Mentoring Program Overview

One of the key foundations upon which independent living was established and continues to thrive, is the concept of learning from one's peers.

People with disabilities know best what works and what does not work for them. We believe that “experience is the best teacher" when it comes to operating a CIL or SILC as well. While peer support has long been a cornerstone of the core services of Centers for Independent Living (CILs), it has only recently been developed as an approach to providing training and technical assistance to CIL or SILC staff and boards.

What Does a Mentoring Include? 

  • A Peer Mentor, chosen by you because of skills and/or experiences similar to your requests, will make a two-day, on-site visit to your CIL to work with you, staff and/or board or council and then follow up through teleconferencing and email
  • -OR- You can visit the Peer Mentor's Site for two days with follow up to see how they run their programs,
  • -OR- Online/web trainings with your mentor. Whatever is best for your learning style and goals you set for your CIL/SILC.
  • Peer Mentors provide follow-up via phone and email and reports the final goals and progress made to the IL NET project for evaluation and quality assurance purposes.

How Much Does It Cost and How Do I Apply? 

  • If chosen for a competitive scholarship provided through ILRU and the IL-Net the entire $2500 fee of the Peer Mentor expenses including travel are covered; or vice versa- the mentee (your) travel expenses to the mentor's site would be covered.
  • Fee for service opportunities are available as well.
  • For more information about the CIL-to-CIL or SILC-to-SILC Peer Mentoring Programs, contact Mary Olson at P:406-243-5817 C: 406-544-1668 or email at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or email a completed CIL-to-CIL PEER MENTORING PROGRAM APPLICATION FORM or SILC-to-SILC PEER MENTORING PROGRAM APPLICATION FORM  to Mary. 

What CILs and SILCs are saying:

CILs and SILCs that have experienced this opportunity report, “I was very surprised to see this (as an offering) and looked at it as an opportunity - great thing for Centers to take advantage of.”

“It was very exciting and it came at a unique point for us - a new beginning where we can shape and mold the Center and go from there.”

“My interest was in having an outside presence who could talk to staff about customer service, CSRs, and the importance of clear documentation. My mentor’s info was not tied to a specific database, but was content-related and helped staff see new ways to talk to consumers and decide where to go for help.” 

“My overall impression was that I was talking to someone who was LISTENING. My mentor validated me!”

“I was concerned about serving rural counties and as a new director I had to learn everything. For me it was a game changer to put into place the tools we needed to move to the next level.”

“This was really worthwhile.  It’s great to have folks with experience who will share. It makes us all (CILs) stronger. It’s particularly great and interesting to hear what other states have done/are doing. It helps put things in perspective. We’re all different, but the same.”

“I am so glad to be a part of this. It is GREAT for new directors.” 

“She gave me a lot of ideas and resources on where to look for answers to the questions I had. Talking to an experienced director helped me to understand what the SPIL means and the roles of the board. I can call her whenever I have a question or something doesn’t feel right or like it’s the best thing for the SILC.”

“He really took the time to learn about the specifics of how our state operates in order to help me in this process. Questions still pop up, and he has made himself available to help me learn as I go.” 

 For Youth Peer Mentoring See:

Youth Peer to Peer

 

CIL-to-CIL PEER MENTORING PROGRAM APPLICATION FORM

SILC-to-SILC PEER MENTORING PROGRAM APPLICATION FORM  

PRESENTED BY THE IL-NET: This project is supported by grant numbers 90ILTA0001 and 90ISTA0001 from the U.S. Administration for Community Living, Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Grantees undertaking projects under government sponsorship are encouraged to express freely their findings and conclusions. Points of view or opinions do not, therefore, necessarily represent official Administration for Community Living policy.

The IL-NET is a national training and technical assistance project for centers for independent living and statewide independent living councils. The IL-NET is operated by Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) in partnership with the National Council on Independent Living (NCIL), the Association of Programs for Rural Independent Living (APRIL), and Utah State University Center for Persons with Disabilities. 

Independent Living Resources

University of Montana Research and Training Center on Disabilities in Rural Communities
http://rtc.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/

Kansas University Research and Training on Independent Living
http://www.rtcil.org/

Transportation Resources 

Current State of Transportation for People with Disabilities.  A 220 page report from NCD published in 2005.

http://www.ncd.gov/newsroom/publications/2005/pdf/current_state.pdf 

The Federal Interagency Coordinating Council on Access and Mobility. Summarizes the United We Ride program and provides many tools for coordination. http://www.unitedweride.gov/ 

An excellent report on the status of senior transportation and recommendations. http://www.transact.org/library/reports_html/seniors/aging.pdf

 Making Transportation Work for People with Disabilities in Rural America - A how-to manual in organizing and operating a voucher model.http://scholarworks.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1026&context=ruralinst_independent_living_community_participation

Tribal Transportation: Barriers and Solutions http://aidtac.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/tribaltransportation.htm

Rural Transportation - A fact sheet that outlines national patterns http://scholarworks.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1023&context=ruralinst_independent_living_community_participation

Inequities in Rural Transportation - A basic fact sheet on the allocation of transit  funds between urban and rural areas before the recent Act. http://scholarworks.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1022&context=ruralinst_independent_living_community_participation

Websites with many resources for transportation advocacy:

Rural Institute Transportation Page

http://rtc.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/community-participation-independent-living/project-develop-and-evaluate-a-voucher-system-for-increasing-access-to-transportation-for-people-with-disabilities-living-in-rural-areas/

Easter Seals Project Action Rural Transportation Page

http://www.projectaction.org/ResourcesPublications/RuralTransportation.aspx

 

APRIL’S Transportation Voucher project:

Operation and Results


As part of our transportation initiative APRIL has received a major grant to demonstrate the effectiveness of a voucher model to provide transportation for people with disabilities living in rural areas.  The grant is funded by RSA (U. S. Department of Education) for $1,494,218 over a five-year period (2001-2006).

Overview and Project Objectives


This demonstration of the TRAVELER’S CHEQUE (TC) program was designed to explore the strategy of using vouchers for transportation provision to people with disabilities living in rural areas and to provide effective strategies for addressing this important problem.  The demonstration focused on how small towns and rural communities can successfully organize and operate a flexible supported transportation program for people with disabilities.

The goal of our project was to demonstrate the effectiveness of a voucher model to provide employment related transportation for people with disabilities who live in rural areas.  Objectives included the following:

Select ten sites to provide diversity in geographical location, disability population served, availability of transportation resources and population density.

Implement the voucher model at each of the ten sites and evaluate the effectiveness of the model.

Develop operational strategies and resource materials and provide ongoing technical assistance to the sites.

Convene a national summit on accessible rural transportation and develop a replication kit that communities can use to operate a traveler’s cheque program.

Methods


We chose to work with CILs and Section 121 American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation programs across the US because their missions include creating community options for people with disabilities and their structure, goals, and knowledge base are similar.  Annually, the 336 CILs and their 253 satellite offices serve 1,896 counties (1,224 of which are rural) and approximately 212,000 people.  In addition, fifty Section 121 programs operate in 18 states.

A total of ten sites in ten states, Massachusetts, Utah, Kansas, New Mexico, Alaska, Montana, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Georgia, and Minnesota participated in the project.  Four sites, three CILs and a Section 121 project collaborated in the development of the grant proposal and were preselected to participate in the project.  We used a “mini-grants” program to recruit the additional six demonstration sites.

A total of 50 programs submitted applications to the competition and we selected the final ten sites to represent ten very diverse communities so that the results and replication materials developed could be widely applied. Diversity in location, population density, geography, minority populations, disability groups served, transportation availability and transportation experience were emphasized.  Table 1 lists the ten sites and highlights community characteristics.

Table 1
Ten Demonstration Sites and Their Characteristics

 SITE                                           CHARACTERISTICS

ILC
Homer, AK

Low population density; experience with a transportation voucher coupon program.

BAIN, Inc.
Bainbridge, Georgia

No transportation experience; 10% of county population has a visual impairment; large black minority population.

DSNWK
Hays, Kansas 

Transportation provider was the lead organization in partnership with a CIL; transportation experience; large rural service area.

Southern Illinois CIL
Carbondale, Illinois

Large rural service area; high unemployment; large black minority population limited transportation options.

South East CIL
Fall River, Mass. 

High population density, but many remote rural areas; partnership of three CIL’s; taxi service available

SW CIL
Marshall, Minnesota

Very large, very rural area; upper Midwest; rural transportation system available.

Salish and Kootenai Tribes
Pablo, Montana  

Section 121 VR program; high unemployment (49%); limited transportation options and experience.

Zuni Entrepreneurial Enterprises
Zuni, New Mexico  

Section 121 VR program; high unemployment (67%); transportation experience with tribal transportation system.

CIL of Central Pennsylvania
Camp Hill, Pennsylvania 

Rural area; several counties; transportation experience. Taxi services available.

Active Re-Entry
Price, Utah

Very rural area with population density of 5 people per square mile; no transportation experience and very limited transportation.


Procedures
Each selected site received a standard contract listing the responsibilities of the site and the Project Staff.  Each TC site’s designated lead staff member or “Community Transportation Coordinator” (CTC) attended a two-day program implementation training in May, 2002. 

Service Model and Innovative Elements


At each site, the five key players are shown in the figure.  Each has significant roles and responsibilities as follows:

Sponsoring organization:  Establishes eligibility and other policies; ensures that appropriate liability insurance is available.

Community Transportation Coordinator (site program manager):  Establishes a Transportation Interest Network, which includes local providers, service organizations, consumers, and other community leaders to provide coordination and advocacy; Locates and works with consumers to establish an Individual Transportation/Employment Plan, makes mileage allocations to each consumer and trains consumers to use the vouchers (traveler’s cheques) effectively.

Bookkeeper:  Records all trips and associated data and makes payments to providers; Invoices APRIL for reimbursements and transmits data forms for record keeping.

Providers:  May be individual volunteers (paid at 34.5 cents per mile) or any public or private provider willing to accept the vouchers at the rate negotiated with the Community Transportation Coordinator.

Consumers:  Work with the CTC to complete all forms and develop an Individual Transportation/Employment Plan; carefully select providers and consider safety and insurance coverage when using individual volunteers; maintain an accurate mileage balance as vouchers are used.


Local Implementation.  The trained Community Transportation Coordinators (CTC’s) initiated the local programs.  First, they determined how to allocate TC resources (i.e., number of participants to be served, amounts per person, etc.).  We encouraged the CTCs  to negotiate with local public and private providers to accept the vouchers at a negotiated rate and then directed them to recruit participants.  Individual participants were enrolled and completed an extensive enrollment form.  The rider and the CTC then developed an Individual Transportation Plan designed to help each participant formulate a plan to effectively use the vouchers with either volunteer drivers, public, private, or other available providers in the community.  Participants calculated their needs in terms of number of rides and number of miles per ride. They then received an initial allocation in miles and an orientation in how to use TRAVELER’S CHEQUES. 

As the designated “bookkeeper” received each voucher they entered it into an EXCEL workbook (check number, date, the provider, the mileage, the number of one way trips, the trip purpose and the total mileage).  The spreadsheet automatically calculates current balances and summary numbers for each consumer and automatically posts them onto the summary sheet.  The site then issues a check to the transportation provider on a set schedule (normally once each week or on a biweekly or monthly basis).

Results


To date, a total of 588 adults with varied kinds of disabling impairments have participated in the TC program.  Fifty-one percent of riders are male and the average age of riders was 41 years at enrollment.  Sixty-four percent of riders are Caucasian, 23% American Indian, Alaskan Native, or Native Hawaiian, and 10% are African American.  Thirty-eight percent live in a single person household.  Sixty-nine percent of participants report an annual household income below $10,000 and another 24%  annual household incomes between $10,000 and $20,000.  Forty-nine percent of the households did not own a vehicle.  Table 2 list the impairments reported by participants.        

Table 2
Impairments Reported by Voucher System Participants

IMPAIRMENT       % REPORTING

Mental or Emotional

18%

 Mobility or Physical

13%

 Visual

9 %

 Cognitive

 7 %

 Hearing

 1 %

 Multiple Responses

 34%

 Other 

 18%

Table 3 presents the total miles of transportation provided, the number of trips received, the average miles per trip and the average cost per trip over the three years of the project.  Table 4 presents the total number of riders, total number of rides provided, the total number of miles of transportation, the average cost per trip, and the average cost per mile across the ten sites.  Wide variations were seen among the various communities in terms of cost per trip ($1.15 to $16.80), cost per mile ($0.29 to $1.18), and number of consumers served (26 to 104).  Most of the variation is due to geography (longer trips required at some sites) and the use of higher cost taxi providers primarily at two sites (PA and MA). The number of consumers served was related to the priorities established by the sites.  Some sites elected to provide a large number of consumers with partial support of their transportation needs, while other sites provided full support to a smaller number of consumers.  

Table 3

Productivity of Program Over Four Years

           
 

YEAR 1

YEAR 2

YEAR 3

YEAR 4

TOTAL

Total consumers

 173

 378

482

588

588

 Miles provided

 53,520

304,467

 346,832

 313,572

1,018,391

Trips provided

 4,100

 29,553

 32,524

 26,410

 92,578

Payments to providers

$19,710

$127,233

$131,215

$123,478

$401,636

Average cost per trip

$4.81

$4.31

$4.03

$4.68

$4.34

Average cost per mile

$0.37

$0.42

$0.38

$0.39

$0.39


Table 4
Riders, Trips, Miles, and Cost across the Ten Sites Over Four Years

 SITE

RIDERS

TRIPS

MILES

COST PER TRIP, $

COST PER MILE, $

Alaska

 40

7,141

97,355

4.70

0.345

Georgia

 56

10,572

91,099

3.65

0.424

Illinois

 36

5,014

95,942

6.44

0.336

Kansas

 104

30,946

94,919

1.15

0.376

Massachusetts

44

2,655

37,805

16.80

1.180

Minnesota

89

11,775

160,085

3.97

0.292

Montana

60

4,652

106,631

7.82

0.345

New Mexico

93

10,287

123,196

4.13

0.345

Pennsylvania

40

5,305

69,335

9.33

0.714

Utah

26

4,240

142,024

9.86

0.294

Total

588

92,587

1,018,391

4.34

0.394


Table 5 presents the distribution of provider types across the ten sites over the three years of operation.  Taxi providers are used at four sites (GA, IL, MA and PA) although both GA and IL limit their use.  In five communities either rural transit (KS, MN and NM) or very limited Section 5310 federal program funds (MT and IL) cooperate with the Traveler’s Cheque Program.  In two states (AK and UT) only volunteer providers are used or permitted by the site.  Volunteer drivers are permitted and used at all the sites and are recruited and chosen by the consumers.  To reduce insurance liability issues the sites do not actively recruit, certify or recommend volunteer drivers who are reimbursed at the allowable federal rate.  The number of rides and the number of miles of transportation by provider type varied significantly by site.

Table 5
Distribution in Choice of Transportation Providers across Sites 

TYPE OF PROVIDER

PERCENT OF RIDES

PERCENT OF MILES

Public Transit

 44%

 21%

Volunteers

 43%

71%

Taxis

13%

7%


Although volunteer drivers provided only 43% of the trips, they accounted for 71% of the total miles used by consumers.  Transit systems provided 44% of the rides, but only accounted for 21% of the miles logged by consumers.  Transit providers tended to provide many short rides in the larger “cities,” for example Hays, KS and Marshall, MN.  Taxi providers also tended to be used for shorter trips within town and accounted for 13% of the trips, but only 7% of the miles.

Consumers could choose to use any providers available to them.  Their choices averaged over all ten sites were as follows: 42.2% of consumers used only volunteers, 31.5% used only available public transit services, 11.9% used only taxis, 9.5% used volunteers and public transit only, and 4.6% used volunteers and taxis.

Table 6 presents the distribution of rides by type across the ten sites.  Most of the rides provided were for transportation to and from work (84%). The remaining 16% were provided for MEDICAL, SHOPPING, SOCIAL/RELIGIOUS and SCHOOL purposes when these trips were documented as necessary to maintain, seek or prepare for employment.  Trips for SOCIAL/RELIGIOUS purposes were disallowed by the funding source during the second year of operation and were immediately discontinued.

Table 6
Number of Rides for each Trip Purpose across the Ten Sites Over Three Years

SITE

WORK

MEDICAL

SOCIAL

SCHOOL

SHOPPING

TOTAL

Alaska

3,861

 787

223

870

1,395

7,141

Georgia

9,748

202

187

296

131

10,572

Illinois

2,639

404

300

1,395

339

5,014

Kansas

30,939

0

0

0

0

30,946

Massachusetts

1,714

133

240

435

127

2,655

Minnesota

9,580

394

445

1,040

318

11,775

Montana

3,222

319

121

904

282

4,652

New Mexico

9,443

81

30

204

0

10,287

Pennsylvania

4,739

274

130

97

74

5,305

Utah

1,492

874

0

1,864

10

4,240

Total

77,377

3,468

1,676

7,105

2,676

92,587


The trip purpose percentages varied significantly by site.  For example, in Kansas only trips to and from work were permitted and 100% of the trips were for work.  In Utah, where a Center for Independent Living is partnering with the local Vocational Rehabilitation office only 35% of the trips were to and from work, while 44% of the trips were for transportation to and from school and 21% were for medical purposes.

Finally, Table 7 presents employment outcomes associated with the project.  At the time of enrollment 31% of riders were employed part-time and 14% were employed full-time while 13% were in a paid internship, in school, or in a training program. During the first four years of this project 171 people obtained employment (93 full time and 78 part time jobs).  The number of new jobs obtained during the third and fourth years was higher than during the first two years especially at sites where strong working relationships with VR have been developed.  A similar number of consumers who were employed when they enrolled in the program or who obtained jobs in previous years reported that the program has either helped them maintain their current job or improve their employment (found a better job, were able to increase the number of hours worked or obtained a more rewarding job with their original employer). 

Table 7
Employment Obtained Over Four Years

EMPLOYMENT    

YEAR 1

YEAR 2

YEAR 3

YEAR 4

TOTAL

Total Consumers

173

378

482

588

588

Part-Time Jobs

11

8

33

26

78

Full-Time Jobs

20

17

28

28

93

Total Jobs

31

25

61

54

171

Lessons Learned


The Traveler’s Cheque voucher model pilot study clearly showed that, given the resources, people with disabilities can effectively meet their own employment and IL goals.  The TRAVELER’S CHEQUE program appears to be highly effective in helping people with disabilities in a wide variety of rural U.S. areas to develop and secure transportation.

Resources Required for Operation.  The role of the Community Transportation Coordinator was critical in effectively implementing and administering the TC program.  The coordinator needs to have the leadership skills and the time available to consistently develop and mentor the transportation interest network within the community and the CTC must monitor and manage the budget and the success and failure of the individual riders.  The duties of the CTC may be handled by a team, but the team must effectively communicate with each other and the consumers.

Community Transportation Resources and Program Utility.
  The program functioned effectively in two significant ways depending on the status of transportation options available in the communities:

In rural areas where there is little or no public transportation, this innovative strategy is a method for directly increasing opportunities for people with disabilities to participate in community life.

Where some public transportation is available, it offers a supplementary strategy that can make transportation affordable or provide transportation during time periods when public transit is not available.


Program Operational Stability.   Consistent and stable program operation is necessary to maintain a transportation program that is reliable and effective for consumers.  In a few cases it was necessary to temporarily interrupt or significantly reduce the number of vouchers available for transportation to remain on budget for the fiscal year at a few of the sites.  Program interruptions caused significant hardships for consumers who were relying on the program.  The most significant factor which led to spending levels that exceeded expectations was the use of taxi providers with the very limited budgets available for a site.  With budgets ranging from twelve to fourteen thousand dollars per site and with taxi providers costing approximately $1.70 per mile sites could only support six or seven consumers effectively and consistently if taxis were used.  With a small number of consumers on the program any changes in the use of vouchers by two or three consumers significantly altered the rates of spending.  If spending per consumer dropped sites expanded the number of consumers and then when circumstances of a few consumers changed, large oscillations in the rates of spending occurred.

Using primarily volunteer drivers at 34.5 cents per mile permitted many more consumers to be enrolled and changes in the need for transportation by a few riders did not drastically alter the rates of spending.  Programs with at least 20 or 30 consumers tended to operate with much more consistent rates of spending.  As long as budget levels were large enough to accommodate 20 or 30 consumers the use of higher cost providers would pose no significant operational problems.  The use of taxi providers raised the cost per mile and cost per ride, but consumers had much more flexibility in the communities where taxi providers were available to consumers.

Advantages.  The TC voucher model is extremely flexible and adoptable by any local public or private agency, or a consortium of agencies as a stand-alone program or supplement to existing transportation systems.  The TC model offers many advantages over traditional, agency-driven systems.  Unlike scheduled services, rides need not be restricted to hours and days of operation; more hours of service can be available to riders.  Second, service agencies (i.e. Area Agencies on Aging, CILs) may have lower direct overhead and administrative costs that can be shifted to actual trips.  Third, vouchers can increase public/private cooperation and business for local bus services or taxis.  Fourth, the TC voucher model can start with minimal investment or risk and grow incrementally as demand and resources permit. Finally, because the vouchers themselves document trips, their use can be monitored with a high degree of detail and accuracy.

Disadvantages.  Of course, there may also be disadvantages to voucher systems. Limited numbers of subsidized trips may be available to riders and a community may have few lift-equipped vehicles.  Without adequate monitoring, vouchers could potentially be misused.  Careful planning and management may overcome these obstacles and offer many rural communities and their citizens with disabilities a promising alternative for increasing participation in work and community life.

The TRAVELER’S CHEQUE program is a viable new transportation strategy for supporting people with disabilities that builds on the independent living paradigm and philosophy of consumer control.  Participants improved the quality of their lives and their community participation by creatively combining and using these and other resources.  Participants described their sense of relief and security, knowing that they could get a ride, if they needed it and they expressed their renewed self-respect because they were now able to pay for rides provided by others.

 

APRIL Travelers Cheque Final Data Analysis

This is the final numerical results of the Travelers Cheque program. The program was in operation from 2002 – 2006 in the following ten states: Alaska, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, New Mexico, Pennsylvania and Utah.

The Association of Programs for Rural

Independent Living (APRIL)

 

“The United Voice of Independent

Living in Rural America”

 

 

APRIL’s Response to the FTA Listening Sessions Regarding

The Federal Public Transportation Act of 2005

Safe, Accountable, Flexible, and Efficient Transportation Equity Act – A Legacy for Users

(SAFETEA-LU)

 

The recent passage of SAFETEA-LU will provide unprecedented resources for accessible transportation in rural America. The Federal Transit Administration is currently holding “listening sessions” to assist in the development of the regulations and guidelines for the new programs contained in SAFETEA-LU. APRIL has encouraged the FTA to hold additional sessions at various locations around the United States. Currently three sessions are scheduled and APRIL is participating either in person or by teleconference. The following sessions are planned:

 

•New Freedom, September 113, 2005

•Coordination and planning, September 21, 2005

•Tribal Transportation, October 4, 2005

 

At the New Freedom Listening session APRIL argued for the following issues:

 

•The New Freedom Program should encourage innovative and flexible practices and models, especially in rural areas. This should include encouragement to the states to use flexible funding models that can be adapted to new programs.

•The New Freedom Program should not establish priorities for ride purposes. Transit riders should be able to determine their own priorities. Our goal is to enable full community participation.

•The selection process for the projects to be funded at the state level should include representatives of people with disabilities on the selection committee. This should include representation by cross-disability organizations such as the State Independent Living Council.

•APRIL supported the inclusion of the requirement for locally developed, coordinated public transit/human service transportation plans as well as the additional requirements for state transportation plans. We encouraged FTA to include the requirement that all states develop strategies to bring rural transit to all counties that are not currently being served.

•In response to a question regarding the use of New Freedom Funds to renovate DOT offices in California for accessibility accommodations for employees, APRIL and others suggested that the limited funds should be used to provide transportation to people with disabilities.

•States should be encouraged to provide a stable and reliable source of matching funds for accessible transportation. This could be encouraged during the RFP phase. Mike Collins.

•Additional opportunities for input to the FTA should be provided.

•Comments may be provided to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. . Bryna Helfer is the Team Leader for this project and for United We Ride.

 

At the Listening Session on coordination and planning the discussion was dominated by many large urban districts and how they would implement specific guidelines within the bill. APRIL advocated for the following the following ideas:

 

•In the development and evaluation of plans cross-disability groups should be at the table. For State Planning the SILC is a logical representative for people with disabilities.

•Technical Assistance activities should include rural counties and rural human service providers who have very limited transportation resources. The goal should be to bring rural transit to all communities throughout the United States.

•Additional comments may be sent to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Implementation of the FAST Act

APRIL's guiding principles in addressing transportation needs in rural America include:

  • “All” public transportation should be accessible to “All” users, “All” the time.
  • Systems designed to meet the transit needs of people with disabilities will meet the needs of all transit users.
  • Accessible transportation means more than just having a vehicle available. It means people can actually use the transit service. It should also address the needs of people who are trying to be more energy efficient by reducing their use of private vehicles.
  • Accessibility and energy efficiency should not be separate competing priorities. They are equally important, and should be integrated. Vehicles and services need to be both accessible and energy efficient and that cannot be accomplished unless innovation takes an integrated approach to the two priorities.
  • Accessible transportation includes systems, services, vehicles, routes, stops, programs and all other aspects of transportation and must at least meet or exceed the minimum requirements set forth in the Americans with Disabilities Act. 

Transportation Update: Where We've Gone and What We've Learned

Twenty-five years ago the Americans with Disabilities Act mandated a more accessible landscape for individuals with disabilities in this country, as well as a more accessible transit system to help them traverse that landscape. Fifteen years later, in 2005, the National Council on Disability published The Current State of Transportation For People With Disabilities in the United States, a major transportation overview report. That highly acclaimed report contributed to major developments in the field of transportation. In this report, Transportation Update: Where We’ve Gone and What We’ve Learned, NCD examines what has changed since the writing of our previous report. This update describes the last ten years’ numerous advances in the field of transportation for people with disabilities and recommends public policy to address new and persistent problems.  

For the Rural Chapter of the Transportation Report:

Rural Chapter of NCD Report

For the full report please see the National Council on Disability Website:

The Rail Vehicles Access Advisory Committee (RVAAC)

The Rail Vehicles Access Advisory Committee (RVAAC)of the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) was established on May 23, 2013, in accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA).  The committee was established in the public interest to support the Access Board in performing its duties and responsibilities under Section 504 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) which authorizes the Board to establish and maintain accessibility guidelines under titles ll and lll of the ADA. The committee was established to advise the Access Board on matters related to the revision and update of the guidelines addressing transportation vehicles using fixed guideway systems subject to the ADA.  The committee acted solely in an advisory capacity to the Access Board and did not exercise any program management responsibility nor make decisions directly affecting the matters on which it provides advice.

Read the Full paper here 

Rural Transportation Work Group Position Paper.

The Rural Transportation Policy Group is a national coalition of rural individuals and organizations net-worked through the National Rural Assembly.  Our goal is to ensure the next federal transportation bill strengthens and supports rural people, rural places, and sustainable commerce, acknowledging the interdependence of the nation's metropolitan and rural economies.  Full Statement Click Here 

Accessible Rural Transportation

Decades after the advent of the independent living and disability rights movements, transportation remains the number one issue for people with disabilities living in rural areas.

Society is trying to open all doors to people with impairment or limitation, yet most people with disabilities who live in Rural America continue to be isolated, frustrated, and cut off from going to work or school, visiting family or friends, participating in community life, or tending to health needs because of the lack of adequate transportation. 

APRIL Toolkit 

APRIL'S TOOLKIT FOR OPERATING A RURAL TRANSPORTATION VOUCHER PROGAM IS NOW AVAILABLE FOR A NOMINAL FLAT FEE OF $20.00 (S/H INCLUDED) REQUEST YOUR COPY NOW BY EMAILING ELISSA ELLIS: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

APRIL Travelers Cheque Final Data Analysis

This is the final numerical results of the Travelers Cheque program. The program was in operation from 2002 – 2006 in the following ten states: Alaska, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, New Mexico, Pennsylvania and Utah. Full report click here.

 

Also See...

Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)

Response to SAFETEA LU

Transportation Voucher Project

Reports from the past three years

Transportation Links

Youth Steering Committee Bios

APRIL YOUTH STEERING COMMITTEE

Group of people around a conference areaThe APRIL Youth Conference would not be possible without all the work of our dedicated volunteers. Thank you for your commitment to youth with disabilities and APRIL. If you see these young folks at our conference, congratulate them on all their hard work and accomplishments, and give them a huge IL Thank You for getting the next generation excited to LEAD ON.

- APRIL STAFF

To join the Youth Steering Committee calls please jump on our calls every 4th Thursday of the month from 4:00-5:00pm EST and follow us on facebook https://www.facebook.com/groups/aprilyouth/

For more information please contact our Youth Programs Coordinator, Sierra Royster at 919-567-3602 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

We hosted the first large-scale gathering of rural youth with disabilities and CILs at the 10th annual APRIL conference in Minneapolis. Establishing an ongoing Youth Steering Committee to make sure the youth conference is for youth and by youth.

The Youth Steering Committee is comprised of young volunteers and more who are passionate about youth involvement and engagement. We meet once a month to plan every youth detail of the annual APRIL Conference.  We plan details to the Youth Conference that is held the Friday before each conference.  We also plan the youth activities that take place throughout the rest of the weekend.  Our goal as a committee is to offer an opportunity to youth from across the country to come together to learn about issues in IL and how they can get involved when they return home. 

 

Emily Robinson, Co-Chair

 24A84921)What makes you want to lead?

I feel that there is a difference to made and if I can help make that difference then I want to help lead this wonderful group. I want ensure this is the best conference that we have. I want to help others learn to advocate for themselves and for others.

2) Where are you from?
Poca, West Virginia

3) One statement that describes you.
I never take no for an answer there is always a way I just have to figure it out and remain passionate and determined.

4) Where do you work/volunteer?
I am a West Virginia Statewide Independent Living Council member, and I am a girl scout troop leader for the Girl Scouts of the Black Diamond Council. I am work at my university as President of the West Virginia State University Student Access Advocates program. I volunteer at the Mountaineer Spina Bifida Camp.  I am a member of the NCIL Youth Caucus, the APRIL youth committees, and has been a Peer Educator at WVSU. I work at my University to ensure that it is accessible, and I am always looking ways to make the campus more accessible. I have been working disability rights and advocacy in various ways in my home, school, and community.

5)What do you do at your job/volunteer/school site?
As a council member, I serve on the Action Committee and the Executive Committee, and I take apart in contributing to the WVSILC newsletter. I chair the West Virginia State University Disability Awareness Day Planning Committee and a member of the Sexual Assault Response Team, and the Coordinated Response Team as well. I developed a day of activities at WVSU about inclusion and respect at WVSU. As a Troop Leader I over see 16 girls journey in being wonderful members of society. I am also a full-time student majoring in Elementary and Special Education.

6) What does IL mean to you?
IL is my whole life, and it has such a rich history that we have the opportunity to be a part of. IL means to make difference and inspire others with disabilities to advocate for themselves and others. IL means standing up and taking charge, fighting for those who need a voice.

7) What would surprise people about you?
Some people are surprised to know learn that I am hard of hearing.

8) What is one thing you want to see in Denver?
I want to see an even bigger youth turnout, and to see the where ADAPT started.

 

Molly Spence, Youth Co-Chair and Social Media Liaison

Molly Spence

1)What makes you want to lead?
I want to lead because I want to continue to learn and grow as an advocate and a voice in the IL community. I want to make a difference.

2) Where are you from?
Hurricane, West Virginia

3) One statement that describes you.
A fierce coffee lover with a sense of humor and a LOT of passion and determination in everything she does.

4) Where do you work/volunteer?
I am a West Virginia Statewide Independent Living Council member, and I have a blog that’s been active for almost 3 years, called “Molly’s Zone”. I post about a mix of things, including my life with cerebral palsy, and a lot of inspirational posts. I am starting into writing about disability rights and advocacy. That’s the direction I want to take “Molly’s Zone” in. I became a published writer in May 2016. I have been featured on The Mighty, the WVSILC newsletter, and as of recent I am a contributor for ILRU’s SILC Connection newsletter.

5)What do you do at your job/volunteer/school site?
As a council member, I serve on the Action Committee, contributing to the Youth Web page, and being a part of the WVSILC newsletter. I also take part on our Resource Development subcommittee, assisting in grant research. I am not a student, but lastly I serve on the West Virginia State University Disability Awareness Day Planning Committee as well.

6) What does IL mean to you?
IL is new to me, it already means so much. IL means working to make a difference and inspire others with disabilities to be the best version of themselves. Using your strengths to do as much as you can for the world; standing up and taking charge, fighting for those who need a voice.

7) What would surprise people about you?
I am actually quite a talker, once I get comfortable.

8) What is one thing you want to see in Denver?
I want to see an even bigger youth turnout!

 

Brittany Zazueta, Treasurer

Brittany Hepler, Vice Chair

What makes you want to lead? 
For as long as I can remember, I have always found my way into leadership positions, whether it was bossing around my younger siblings or leading teams once I got into the workforce. I have a strong desire to make sure the things I am involved in go well and do my best to find balance in leading others and listening to them.

Where are you from? 
I grew up in Moreno Valley, California which is about an hour away from Anaheim where I currently live and much more rural.

One statement that describes you? 
My motto in life is “say yes.” When you say yes there’s no telling where life will take you.

Where do you work/volunteer? 
I work at the Dayle McIntosh Center in Anaheim, California.

What do you do at your job/volunteer site? 
I am the Program Manager of Independent Living Services, Deaf and Youth Services.  I oversee our Volunteers, Youth Programming, Deaf Services, Interpreting Services, and Independent Living Services.

What does IL mean to you? 
IL means that we as people with disabilities are given the same options and chance to fail as everyone else. That we are in charge and in the driver’s seat of our own lives.

What would surprise people about you? 
I used to be an introvert and still sometimes need my alone time.

What is one thing you want to see in Denver?
I have been wanting to go to Denver for a long time! I am most excited to be where ADAPT began. 

 

Jaquilla Lee, Secretary

Jaquilla Lee, Secretary

What makes you want to lead?
I want to advocacy for others. Also, I was president for the Youth Advisory Committee.

Where are you from?
Pensacola, FL

One statement that describes you?
I like to help people advocacy for their self.

Where do you work?
Wal-Mart

What do you do at your job?
Customer Service (I handle all of the returns)

What does IL means to you?
Pay bills
Not asking for help all the time
Making decisions
Living on your own

What would surprise people about you?
I am well organized and I like to be on time for everything.

What is one thing you want to see in Denver?
I just want to youth to have fun with each other and then take info that they have back to their center so they can use for their youth program.

 

 

APRIL 2018 Board Roster

Name Position Organization Email
Tim Sheehan  President CIL of Western Wisconsin This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Ronald Rocha Vice President ARCIL This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Karen Michalski  Treasurer Blue Ridge ILC This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Kim Gibson At-Large Exec Officer DisABILITY Link This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Scott Burlingame Secretary Independence Inc. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Jim Whalen Member at Large Blue Water CIL This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Beth Quarles Member at Large Future Choices This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Melva Heinrich Member at Large LINC- Twin Falls This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Kimberly Tissot Member at Large ABLE South Carolina This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Sidna Madden Member at Large SILC of Oklahoma This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Sara Minton Member at Large Crockett Resources CIL This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Aerius Franklin Member at Large Disability Action Center NW This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Brooke Wilson Member at Large Utah SILC  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Emilio Vela Member at Large  Southwest Center for IL This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Melissa Ann Santora SILC REP Arizona SILC This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Matt Berwick Youth Rep PA SILC This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Brittany Zazueta Youth Rep Dayle McIntosh Center This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

billy website Elissa Ellis in front of ADA Banner Mary Olson Sierra Royster

Billy Altom
Executive Director

APRIL
11324 Arcade Drive Suite 9
Little Rock, AR 72212

Phone: 501-753-3400
FAX: 501-753-3406

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Elissa Ellis
Director of Operations and
Conference Coordinator

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Mary Olson
Director of Training and
Technical Assistance

255 Corbin Hall
University of Montana
Missoula, MT 59801

Phone: 406-243-5817 or
406-544-1668

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Sierra Royster
Youth Programs Coordinator

P.O. Box 854
Fuquay Varina, NC 27605

Phone: 919-567-3602

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Welcome to APRIL!

Meet the Membership "Family". 

Let us know if you would like your organization to join the fun.

Join Us

Meet the Staff 

Meet the Board

Membership Data

 

APRIL Conference Locations 2017

APRIL Membership 2017

 A Little Bit of History 

 The Association of Programs for Rural Independent Living (APRIL) is a national grass roots, consumer controlled, nonprofit membership organization consisting of centers for independent living, their satellites and branch offices, statewide independent living councils, other organizations and individuals concerned with the independent living issues of people with disabilities living in rural America.  Some highlights of accomplishments:

APRIL was founded in 1986 by twelve directors of rural CILs meeting in Houston, Texas. That meeting was sponsored by the Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) in Houston Texas, who continued to support the organizing efforts for several years thereafter. 

In 1994, APRIL attained its 501(C)(3) status and hired a national coordinator.

The first monetary support for APRIL came in 1994 in a small annual contract with the University of Montana, Rural Institute on Disabilities.

Other important affiliates over the years have included: University of Kansas, the Independent Living Rehabilitation Utilization (ILRU), National Council on Independent Living, Easter Seals Project Action, Community Transportation Association of America (CTAA) Department of Education - Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA), W.K. Kellogg Foundation and the World Institute on Disabilities.

In 1995, APRIL held its first National Conference on Rural Independent Living in Lawrence, Kansas with a gathering of about 80 participants.  Subsequent conferences have been held in Austin Texas, Albuquerque New Mexico, Shreveport Louisiana, Cincinnati Ohio, Salt Lake City Utah, Portland Oregon, Nashua, New Hampshire, Savannah, Georgia, Minneapolis Minnesota, Honolulu Hawaii, San Antonio, Texas and Missoula, Montana. Attendance numbers have now exceeded 400.   

In the year 2000, the Rural Independent Living Leadership Mentoring Initiative, a five-year project in collaboration with the Rural Institute on Disabilities at the University of Montana was initiated

In 2001, APRIL was awarded a major grant from the Department of Education to demonstrate a national transportation voucher model for rural consumers with disabilities. With the funding of this project came the development of an infrastructure that would allow APRIL to support phenomenal growth. Staff here hired, policies and procedures were developed and an array of services and fiscal accountability were put in place.  

As a national advocate, APRIL has built a reputation as being the leading advocate in rural accessible transportation issues.  

At present, membership has grown to over 250 members and APRIL’s budget has exceeded half a million dollars.  

In 2008 APRIL collaborated with NCIL / ILRU to form the new CIL Net / SILC Net programs to mentor CILs and SILCs.  

In 2008, the APRIL office relocated from Kent, OH to North Little Rock, Arkansas!  

APRIL is a national membership organization dedicated to advancing the rights and responsibilities of people with disabilities in rural America.  

Affiliate of Youth Transitions Collaborative

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Address Information:
APRIL
11324 Arcade Drive, Suite 9
Little Rock, AR 72212

Phone Contact:
APRIL
Phone: 501-753-3400
FAX: 501-753-3406